Journal of Innovative Research in Engineering Sciences

Issn:2476-7611

Article

Study the effect of Gotvand oliya dam on the water Quality of Khuzestan Provinces and its Solutions

Gholamreza Baseri , Professor Ali Ghafourian
Abstract

Rivers are the most important sources of water supply for drinking costs, agricultural and industrial purposes. Therefore, assessment of their qualitative conditions has always been considered from different aspects by the experts of the country's water engineering department. Gotvandaliya dam is one of the largest dams in Iran on the Karun River in southwestern Iran. The presence of domes and salt streaks around the reservoir of the dam creates a belief that it may lead to excessive water salinity at the bottom of the dam. In this study, the water quality of the Karun River in the upstream and downstream of the Gotvandaliya dam was studied by using EC index The results showed that the main problem of decreasing quality of water in the upstream and downstream of the dam is the presence of saline rivers and water back from the industries and the cultivation of sugar cane and the sewage of cities around the river. The results of the studies indicate that the presence of Gotvandaliyad am elevation will improve the water quality index of the river.Rivers are the most important sources of water supply for drinking costs, agricultural and industrial purposes. Therefore, assessment of their qualitative conditions has always been considered from different aspects by the experts of the country's water engineering department. Gotvandaliya dam is one of the largest dams in Iran on the Karun River in southwestern Iran. The presence of domes and salt streaks around the reservoir of the dam creates a belief that it may lead to excessive water salinity at the bottom of the dam. In this study, the water quality of the Karun River in the upstream and downstream of the Gotvandaliya dam was studied by using EC index The results showed that the main problem of decreasing quality of water in the upstream and downstream of the dam is the presence of saline rivers and water back from the industries and the cultivation of sugar cane and the sewage of cities around the river. The results of the studies indicate that the presence of Gotvandaliyad am elevation will improve the water quality index of the river.

Keywords
Keyword:1- Gotvand dam
Keyword:2- water quality
Keyword:3- electrical conductivity
Keyword:4- salinity

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