Journal of Innovative Research in Engineering Sciences

Issn:2476-7611

Article

Fabrication of PVA/GO nanofibers by electrospinning process for the removal of lead (II) and copper (II) ions from aqueous solutions

Farnoosh Rezaeifard
Abstract

In the present study, the poly (vinyl alcohol)//graphene oxide Nano sheets (PVA/GO) were successfully synthesized via electrospinning process and its application for the removal of lead (II) and copper (II) ions was investigated in a batch system.The graphiteNano sheets were also modified by HCl and H2SO4. The synthesized Nano fibrousadsorbents were characterized usingscanning electron microscopy (SEM),X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) analysis. The effect of sorption parameters including pH, contact time and initial concentration on the removal of lead (II) and copper (II) ions by the Nano fibrous samples were investigated. The known pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order kinetic models were applied to describe the kinetic data of metal ions. The Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm models were used to describe the equilibrium data of metal ions sorption. The both copper and lead experimental data were well described using pseudo-second-order kinetic and Langmuir isotherm models. The obtained results indicated that PVA/GO nanofibers can be considered as an efficient adsorbent for the removal heavy metal ions.

Keywords
Keyword:1- PVA
Keyword:2- Graphene oxide,Nanofiber
Keyword:3- Adsorption Lead
Keyword:4- Copper

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