Journal of Innovative Research in Engineering Sciences

Issn:2476-7611

Article

Numerical analysis of metal oxide nanoparticles effects on permeability of hydraulic structures

Ali sheykhi Garousi, Farinaz zamani
Abstract

The concrete permeability coefficient of the heavy water tank of nuclear reactors is very important in concrete structures of hazardous liquids tanks. Therefore, metal oxide nanoparticles effects on the permeability of hydraulic structures were numerically analyzed in this research. The experiments of this project and the obtained results were examined. In this project, 36 samples (18 cube samples and 18 cylindrical samples) for the control mixture design and more than 75 samples with different percentages of nanoparticles (0.5, 0.1, and 0.15% nano metal oxide) were prepared. The obtained results from the experiments showed that the permeability coefficient of concrete samples containing titanium nanoparticles reduced by increasing nanomaterial replacement percentage and reached to minimum in replacement of 0.1%. This is because using nanoparticles could fill the tiny and even nano-sized pores of concrete according to the tiny structure of concrete and presence of pores in nano size and reduce concrete permeability by providing the condensed structure.

Published on the web: 2019-03-09
Received : 2018-11-16
Submitting : 2018-10-12
Keywords
Keyword:1- nanoparticles
Keyword:2- metal oxide
Keyword:3- permeability
Keyword:4- hydraulic structures

File Article

Download pdf download article

Reference

1. Negahdary, M., Chelongar, R., Zadeh, S. K., & Ajdary, M. (2015). The antioxidant effects of silver, gold, and zinc oxide nanoparticles on male mice in in vivo condition. Advanced biomedical research4. [Scholar]

2. Monteiro, P. J., Kirchheim, A. P., Chae, S., Fischer, P., MacDowell, A. A., Schaible, E., & Wenk, H. R. (2009). Characterizing the nano and micro structure of concrete to improve its durability. Cement and Concrete Composites31(8), 577-584. [Scholar]

3. Khoshakhlagh, A., Nazari, A., & Khalaj, G. (2012). Effects of Fe2O3 nanoparticles on water permeability and strength assessments of high strength self-compacting concrete. Journal of Materials Science & Technology28(1), 73-82. [Scholar]

4. Konsta-Gdoutos, M. S., Metaxa, Z. S., & Shah, S. P. (2010). Multi-scale mechanical and fracture characteristics and early-age strain capacity of high performance carbon nanotube/cement nanocomposites. Cement and Concrete Composites32(2), 110-115. [Scholar]

5. Meng, T., Yu, Y., Qian, X., Zhan, S., & Qian, K. (2012). Effect of nano-TiO2 on the mechanical properties of cement mortar. Construction and Building Materials29, 241-245. [Scholar]

6. Lu, Z., Dai, J., Song, X., Wang, G., & Yang, W. (2008). Facile synthesis of Fe3O4/SiO2 composite nanoparticles from primary silica particles. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects317(1-3), 450-456. [Scholar]

7. Riahi, S., & Nazari, A. (2011). Physical, mechanical and thermal properties of concrete in different curing media containing ZnO2 nanoparticles. Energy and Buildings43(8), 1977-1984. [Scholar]

8. Bittnar, Z., Bartos, P. J., Nemecek, J., Smilauer, V., & Zeman, J. (Eds.). (2009). Nanotechnology in Construction: Proceedings of the NICOM3. Springer Science & Business Media. [Scholar]

9. Livingston, R. A. (2006). Neutron scattering methods for concrete nanostructure characterization. In Nanotechnology in construction: proceedings of the NICOM2 (2rd international symposium on nanotechnology in construction). RILEM Publications SARL (pp. 115-24). [Scholar]

10. Nazari, A., & Riahi, S. (2011). The effects of Cr2O3 nanoparticles on strength assessments and water permeability of concrete in different curing media. Materials Science and Engineering: A528(3), 1173-1182. [Scholar]

11. Björnström, J., Martinelli, A., Matic, A., Börjesson, L., & Panas, I. (2004). Accelerating effects of colloidal nano-silica for beneficial calcium–silicate–hydrate formation in cement. Chemical Physics Letters392(1-3), 242-248. [Scholar]

12. Shah, S. P., Konsta-Gdoutos, M. S., Metaxa, Z. S., & Mondal, P. (2009). Nanoscale modification of cementitious materials. In Nanotechnology in Construction 3 (pp. 125-130). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. [Scholar]

13. Sanchez, F. (2009). Carbon nanofibre/cement composites: challenges and promises as structural materials. International Journal of Materials and Structural Integrity3(2-3), 217-226. [Scholar]

14. Najigivi, A., Khaloo, A., & Rashid, S. A. (2013). Investigating the effects of using different types of SiO2 nanoparticles on the mechanical properties of binary blended concrete. Composites Part B: Engineering54, 52-58. [Scholar]

15. ASTM C192/C192M. (2012). Standard practice for making and curing concrete test specimens in the laboratory. [Scholar]

16. Alimoradi, S., Hable, R., Stagg-Williams, S., & Sturm, B. (2017b). Strategies to Maximize P Recovery and Minimize Biochar Formation from Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Biomass. Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, 2017(3), 529-536. [Scholar]

17. Alimoradia, S., Stohr, H., Stagg-Williams, S., & Sturm, B. (2018). Effect of temperature on recalcitrant dissolved organic nitrogen (rDON) concentration: Application of thermochemical treatment of biosolids. Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, 2018(14), 2093-2099. [Scholar]

18. Sina Lotfollahi, M Ghorji, TV HOSEINI (2019), The effect of non-simultaneous excavation of closely-spaced twin tunnels on ground surface settlement, Journal of Civil Engineering and Materials Application, 3, 138-145. [Scholar]